Document Type : The scientific research paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Qur’an and Hadith Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhDstudent inPolitical Sociology, Sciences and Researches Branchof the islamic Azad University,, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhDstudent in comparative interpretation University of Qur’anic Sciences and Educatian, Tehran, Iran.


مباحث اجتماعی و مشارکت و انحرافات اجتماعی از مسائل حائز اهمیت در مباحث و آموزه‌های الهی می‌باشد. در تعدادی از آیات قرآن و عهدین با شباهت‌ها و تفاوت‌هایی به موضوع مشارکت اجتماعی و احساس آنومی پرداخته شده است. اکنون پرسش آن است که چه موارد و نمونه‌هایی از معنای آنومی در قرآن کریم و عهدین بیان شده است و رابطۀ آن با مشارکت اجتماعی چیست؟ پژوهش حاضر قرآن کریم و عهدین را مورد واکاوی قرار داده و با روش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی مورد بررسی تطبیقی ومقایسه‌ای قرار داده است. نتیجه پژوهش آن است که اگر افراد جامعه اعمال خود را آگاهانه سازمان دهند و با یکدیگر مشارکت داشته باشند و مطیع فرامین الهی و پیامبران خود باشند بسیاری از مشکلات و معضلات خود به خود حل می‌شود و جامعه به سوی خوشبختی و سعادت حرکت می‌کرد. لی در شرایطی که مشارکت و همبستگی متقابل افراد در جامعه از میان برود و عدم اطاعت‌پذیری از فرامین الهی و مخالفت با پیامبران الهی در جامعه رواج پیدا کند، بنابراین افراد نابهنجار شده و این حالت وقتی به صورت عام در جامعه شیوع پیدا کند جامعه دچار آنومی و ناهنجاری یا نابسامانی می‌شود.


Article Title [Persian]

A Comparative Study of Amount of Social Participation and Its Relation with Anomie Feeling in Qur'an and Testaments

Authors [Persian]

  • Ali Hasannia 1
  • Zahra Fazeli 2
  • Mohammad Reza Fazeli 3

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Qur'an and Hadith Sciences, Shahed University, Iran

2 PhDstudent inPolitical Sociology, Sciences and Researches Branchof the islamic Azad University,, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhDstudent in comparative interpretation University of Qur’anic Sciences and Educatian, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract [Persian]

Social issues and social participation and deviations are important issues in divine discussions and teachings. In a number of verses of the Qur’an and the Testaments, the issue of social participation and feeling of anomie has been discussed with similarities and differences. The questions raised here, “what cases and examples of the meaning of anomie are expressed in the Holy Qur’an and the Testaments?” and “what is its relation with social participation?” This research studies and analyzes the issue in the Holy Qur’an and the Testaments, using the comparative study and the descriptive-analytical method. In conclusion, if the members of the society consciously organize their actions, participate with each other, and obey the commands of God and the Prophets, problems and dilemmas mostly will be solved by themselves and the society will move towards happiness and prosperity. In contrast, if the participation and mutual solidarity of people in the society are lost and disobedience to the divine commands and opposition to the divine prophets become widespread in the society, members become abnormal. In case this situation spreads in the society generally, the society will suffer from anomie, abnormality, and disorder.

Keywords [Persian]

  • Holy Qur’an
  • Social Participation
  • Anomie
  • Testaments
Al-Qur'an al-Karim (Persian translation by Mohammad Mahdi Foladvand (1415 AH), Tehran: Dar al-Qur'an al-Karim).
Al-Qur'an al-Karim (The Meaning of the Glorious Qur’an by Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall).
Abbaszadeh, Mohammad; Alizadeh Aghdam, Mohammad Bagher; Eslami Bonab, Seyed Reza (2012). Studying the relation between social capital and social anomie, 1(1).
Aghajani, Nasrallah (20o2). Qur’anic strategies in facing social deviations (part one). Women's Strategic Studies Journal, No. 17.
Al-Qumī, Ali bin Ibrahim (nd). Tafsīr Ali bin Ibrahim al-Qumī (Tafsīr al-Qumī). Qom: Dar al-Kutub wal-Tabā't wal-Nashr Institute, third edition.
Ariel, D. T., & De Groot, A. (1978). The Iron Age extramural occupation at the City of David and additional observations on the Siloam Channel. Excavation at the City of David.
Aryanpour Kashani, Abbas and Manouchehr (1995). English-Persian Academic Dictionary, Tehran, Sepehr Publishing.
Broshi, M. (1974). The expansion of Jerusalem in the reigns of Hezekiah and Manasseh. Israel Exploration Journal, 21–26.
Durkheim, Emil (1999). On the division of social work, [translated by Bagher Parham,] Tehran: Babol Bookstore Publishing.
Garoosi Hamedani, Fazel Khan; Glenn, William; Mertan, Henry (2001). Translation of the Bible: Old Testament and New Testament, Tehran: Asatir, first.
Hawks, James (2015). Bible Dictionary, Tehran: Asatir, first.
Holy Bible (explanatory translation). (nd).
Inglehart, Ronald (1994). Cultural evolution in an advanced industrial society, [translated by Maryam Vatar,] Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, Center for Cultural Studies and Research.
Javadi Amoli, Abdullah, (2020). The Commentary of Tasnim, Volume 21, Qom: Asra' International Publishing Center.
Makarem Shirazi, Nasser (1992). The Commentary of Nemooneh, volumes 11, 14, 17, Tehran: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiya.
Martin Lipsett, Seymour (1960). Political Man the Social Bases of Politics, USA: Doubleday & Company.
Reich, R., & Shukron, E. (2000). The Excavations at the Gihon Spring and Warren's Shaft System in the City of David. Ancient Jerusalem Revealed. Jerusalem, 327-339.
Serajzadeh, Seyed Hossein; Pouyafar, Mohammadreza (2008). Religion and social order: investigating the relation between religiosity and the feeling of anomie and perversity among a sample of students, Iranian Social Issues Journal, 16(63).
Sobhaninia, Javad, (2009). A Glance at the Face of the Youth, Tehran: Islamic Propagation Organization, Baqer al-Uloom Research Institute.
Tabātabā’ī, Sayed Muhammad Hossein (1987). Al-Mīzān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'an [collective translation of scholars,] Qom: Islamic Publications Office.
Tavasoli, Gholam Abbas (2004). Social participation in the conditions of anomic society; the relation between social harms and deviations and social participation, Tehran: Tehran University Printing and Publishing Institute, first edition.
Tūsī, Mohammad Ali (1991). Participation in management and governance, Tehran: Public Administration Training Center, vol. 1.